Detecting Lung Cancer

Detecting Lung Cancer

Testing and Treatment for Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the second most common type of cancer in men and women; this disease is also the leading cause of death amongst other cancer types. Knowing the symptoms used to detect lung cancer early-on could help you get an accurate prognosis. In addition to knowing the signs associated with the disease, doctors also use tests to detect lung cancer.

Testing and Other Methods

Most of the indicators that a person has lung cancer are not found until the disease is already in an advanced stage. Some of the signs that are detected early-on are mistaken for other issues, such as infections; this will delay a diagnosis. Most lung cancers are detected using testing. Some of the most common types of tests used include:

  • Sputum exam (cells from coughed up phlegm are tested via a microscopic exam)
  • Imaging tests (CT scan or x-ray)
  • Bronchoscopy (Using a flexible, lighted tube to view the inside of a patient’s lung airways)
  • Lung Biopsy (Used to evaluate abnormal cells)
  • Bone Scan (Can determine if cancer has spread to the bones)

Screenings and tests are done to detect lung cancer in patients that have no signs of the disease. Early detecting could help an individual receive treatment, and possibly reduce the risks of dying from lung cancer.

Unusual physical feelings could be an indicator of lung cancer, in addition to other medical causes, which include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing up blood
  • Chest, shoulder, and back pain due to coughing
  • Intense coughing
  • Spectrum color or volume change
  • Voice changes (becoming hoarse)
  • Recurrence of lung problems, such as pneumonia or bronchitis
  • Coughing up mucus or phlegm
  • Harsh sounds when breathing

Your medical history is also used to help a doctor determine what is causing your symptoms, in order to diagnose you correctly and help you receive the care that you need.

Treating Lung Cancer

After being diagnosed with lung cancer, treating should begin immediately. Some of the standard options include:

  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Surgical resection

Newer approaches used to treat lung cancer include:

  • Targeted therapy
  • Cryosurgery
  • Laser surgery
  • Internal radiation
  • Electrocautery
  • Photodynamic Therapy

Your physician will determine your prognosis, including what to expect and how the disease should be treated. Lung cancer treatment will be tailored to the needs, and wishes, of each individual patient. Detecting lung cancer early-on will help increase your odds of surviving the disease. Do not ignore any symptoms, and make sure you get tested regularly.


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