How is Diabetes Diagnosed?

How is Diabetes Diagnosed?

How to Diagnose Diabetes

Several diabetes symptoms are similar, no matter what type of diabetes you have. Some of the symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Frequent urination.
  • Frequently feeling thirsty.
  • Increased fatigue.
  • Hunger, even when you have eaten.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Wounds that is slow to heal.
  • Eating more and losing weight (Type 1 diabetes).
  • Tingling, pain or numbness in hands and feet (Type 2 diabetes).

Risk factors for a Type 1 diabetes diagnoses include having a family history of diabetes, injury or damage to the pancreas, and diseases of the pancreas. Risk factors for a Type 2 diabetes diagnosis include a family history of the disease, being sedentary and overweight, being insulin resistant, having polycystic ovarian syndrome, certain ethnicities, and being over age 45.Your doctor can run tests to diagnose the type of diabetes you may have to begin appropriate treatment of the debilitating disease.

Tests That Diagnose Diabetes

Doctors frequently check blood sugar levels during routine physicals. If you have any of the symptoms of diabetes or have a family history of the disease, they will be much more likely to test for diabetes. Some of the tests for diabetes include:

  • A fasting glucose test tells healthcare providers your blood sugar level in the morning before breakfast. If your blood sugar level is above 126mg/do, you may be diagnosed with diabetes.
  • An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) includes drinking a glucose drink and having your blood glucose levels tested several times over a period. For instance, tests may be done every 30 minutes for up to three hours. Blood glucose levels of over 200 mg/do after 2 hours indicate that you possibly have diabetes.
  • The A1c test is a medical blood glucose test that also checks blood sugar levels. If your blood sugar level is over 6.5 percent for two to three months, you may have diabetes.
  • The Zinc transporter 8 autoantibody (ZnT8Ab) test determines whether or not a person has Type 1 diabetes. This test, when combined with other information from additional tests, determines what type of diabetes a person has, to facilitate an accurate diagnosis and correct treatment.

Once you and your doctor have determined that you have diabetes, you can work as a team to treat the disease and prevent health complications that can arise from diabetes.


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