Pulmonary Embolism Treatments

Pulmonary Embolism Treatments

What You Need to Know About Pulmonary Embolism Treatments

If you ever receive a pulmonary embolism prognosis, it will be necessary to take the next step to find out how to treat pulmonary embolism. This medical problem will need the immediate attention of a doctor and treatment.

Pulmonary embolism occurs when there is a blockage of one of the arteries in your lungs. Most likely, a blood clot has traveled from your legs toward your lungs. It can also be caused by a deep vein thrombosis, which means a clot has traveled from another part of your body, other than your legs.

Pulmonary Embolism Medications

The main goal of treatment in a pulmonary embolism situation is to prevent the clot from getting any bigger, and to make sure that no new clots will form. The primary way to do this is to use two types of pulmonary embolism medications: blood thinners, called anticoagulants, and clot dissolvers, also called thrombolytics. While on these medications, doctors will take frequent blood tests to know how easily your blood can form clots.

Surgery for Pulmonary Embolism

If the medications do not work after a few days, a surgeon may need to remove the clot. This can be done through the use of a catheter. Surgery is rather rare because it could cause other clots to form. Another way to deal with a clot is to put a filter into the main vein in your body – the inferior vena cava. This filter will prevent the clot from going into your heart or lungs. This step is usually reserved for people who are not able to take the drugs.

Pulmonary Embolism Treatment Duration

Once an individual is put on the medications for pulmonary embolism, it is necessary to be on it for at least three to six months. If there have been previous clots, it will need to be longer.

Pulmonary Embolism Treatment Guidelines

A pulmonary embolism can be fatal unless treatment is received quickly. While medications are likely to be given right away, the patient will also need to help ensure that more blood clots do not form, or the problem may occur again. Because the flow of blood is blocked in the lung, the tissue not receiving the oxygen may die.

As part of the pulmonary embolism prognosis, the doctor will need to determine how severe the risk is to the patient, which will also partially determine the treatment needed. Another consideration is the health of the patient at the time.

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