Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms and Treatment Options
Bipolar disorder, a mental illness that was once commonly known as manic depression, is very common. It causes a person to experience extreme mood swings that range from the highest of highs — mania — and the lowest of lows — depression.
When a person experiences the mania or hypomania side of their condition, they may feel a robust amount of energy and have a vast sense of euphoria and as though they can achieve anything. However, when the depression side comes into play, the individual may feel extremely sad and hopeless, seemingly losing interest in things they normally enjoy. The rapid shift in moods can adversely affect the person’s energy levels, behavior, activities, judgment, and ability to think rationally.
In some cases, in order to effectively treat the symptoms of bipolar disorder, it might be necessary for the person to visit bipolar treatment centers. However, episodes of these extreme mood swings may only manifest minimally or as often as multiple times per year. It’s important to acknowledge that not every person with the condition exhibits the same frequency of symptoms. As a result, treatment of bipolar disorder may vary depending on the individual.
Additionally, while bipolar disorder is a condition a person has throughout their lifetime, it is possible to manage the mood swings that go along with it. This can be done by relying on effective treatment for bipolar disorder 1 that may include medications for bipolar. Knowing about bipolar disorder symptoms and treatment options is greatly helpful for individuals who are struggling with the mental illness.
There are a variety of symptoms that come with bipolar disorder. Along with the signs of mania, hypomania, and depression, a person may experience wildly vast changes in behavior, which can adversely affect the way they go through their everyday life. These symptoms also manifest in different types of bipolar disorder and include the following:
- Bipolar 1 disorder: This type of bipolar disorder means the person has at least one manic episode that was followed by a major depressive episode of hypomania. It’s not uncommon for this type to result in psychosis after a manic episode.
- Bipolar 2 disorder: With this particular mental condition, the individual has experienced at least one major depressive episode and one hypomanic but no manic episodes.
- Cyclothymic disorder: This is a type of bipolar in which the person has exhibited symptoms for at least two years and usually affects children or teens for at least one year. Typically, the individual has experienced multiple bouts of hypomania and depression that is less severe than major depression.
- Other types: Other types of bipolar also exist that are related to specific medical conditions like stroke, multiple sclerosis or Cushing’s disease or because of drug and alcohol abuse.
There are a variety of bipolar disorder symptoms and treatment options that can help to calm those symptoms. Treatment of bipolar disorder depends on the individual and what works for them. People who have the disease must be guided by a medical doctor and have a full team that consists of a psychologist, psychiatric nurse, and social worker.
Also, because the condition is lifelong, it’s important to manage the symptoms. Bipolar treatment centers offer these options, as do many medical doctors and psychiatrists. Treatment for bipolar disorder 1 and other forms of the illness may include the following:
- Medications for bipolar: Medications like antidepressants, antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, antidepressant-antipsychotics and anti-anxiety drugs are effective at managing the individual’s symptoms, particularly mood swings.
- Substance abuse treatment: For individuals whose condition is caused by drug or alcohol abuse, substance abuse treatment can help manage symptoms.
- Hospitalization: Hospitalization can help if the individual is psychotic or suicidal.
- Day treatment programs: Day treatment programs help through counseling and support from others going through the same situation.
- Continued treatment: Continued treatment may be necessary along with medication even when the person feels better. It can help to prevent a relapse of mood swings.
With the right treatment plan, you can live a normal life with bipolar disorder and be a highly productive member of society.